top of page


  • Kim HY, Seo HG, Jhee JH, Park CH, Lee HW, Park BH, Kim BG. Machine Learning-assisted Quantitative Mapping of Intracortical Axonal Plasticity Following a Focal Cortical Stroke in Rodents. Exp Neurobiol. 2023 Jun;32(3):170-180. doi:10.5607/en23016.

  • Choi JY, Jin X, Kim HK, Koh SY, Cho HJ, Kim BG. High Mobility Group Box 1 as an Autocrine Chemoattractant for Oligodendrocyte Lineage Cells in White Matter Stroke. Stroke. 2023 Feb;54(2):575-586. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.122.041414.​​​



  • Koh SY, Kim TJ, Shin HB, Kim HK, Park BH, Moon SY, Kim BG, Huh K, Choi JY. Expanding Indications for a Ketogenic Diet as an Adjuvant Therapy in Adult Refractory Status Epilepticus: an Exploratory Study Using Moderation Analysis. Neurotherapeutics. 2022 Aug 16. doi:10.1007/s13311-022-01282-z.

  • Kwon MJ, Seo YJ, Cho HN, Kim HS, Oh YJ, Simay G, Kim MJ, Park HH, Joe EH, Kwon MH, Kang HC, Kim BG. Nanogel-mediated delivery of oncomodulin secreted from regeneration-associated macrophages promotes sensory axon regeneration in the spinal cord. Theranostics. 2022 Aug 1;12(13):5856-5876. doi:10.7150/thno.73386.

  • Lee SE, Koh SY, Park JM, Kim TJ, Yang HW, Park JH, Shin HB, Park BH, Kim BG, Huh K, Choi JY. ES-RED (Early Seizure Recurrence in the Emergency Department) Calculator: A Triage Tool for Seizure Patients. J Clin Med. 2022 Jun 22;11(13):3598. doi:10.3390/jcm11133598.

  • Park HH, Kim YM, Anh Hong LT, Kim HS, Kim SH, Jin X, Hwang DH, Kwon MJ, Song SC, Kim BG. Dual-functional hydrogel system for spinal cord regeneration with sustained release of arylsulfatase B alleviates fibrotic microenvironment and promotes axonal regeneration. Biomaterials. 2022 May;284:121526. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2022.121526.​​


  • Koh S, Kim TJ, Lim TS, Lee JS, Kim BG, Park SA, Huh K, Choi JY. Pentobarbital coma therapy for super-refractory status epilepticus and in-hospital mortality: an observational study. Epileptic Disord. 2021 Dec 1;23(6):833-842. doi: 10.1684/epd.2021.1333.

  • Kim TJ, Choi JW, Han M, Kim BG, Park SA, Huh K, Choi JY. Usefulness of arterial spin labeling perfusion as an initial evaluation of status epilepticus. Sci Rep. 2021 Dec 20;11(1):24218. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-03698-7.

  • An J, Yang H, Yang E, Chung S, Kim DY, Jou I, Park SM, Kim BG, Chwae YJ, Joe EH. Dying neurons conduct repair processes in the injured brain through osteopontin expression in cooperation with infiltrated blood monocytes. Glia. 2021 Apr;69(4):1037-1052. doi: 10.1002/glia.23947.

  • Cui Y, Jin X, Choi JY, Kim BG. Modeling subcortical ischemic white matter injury in rodents: unmet need for a breakthrough in translational research. Neural Regen Res. 2021 Apr;16(4):638-642. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.295313.

  • Shin HY, Kwon MJ, Lee EM, Kim K, Oh YJ, Kim HS, Hwang DH, Kim BG. Role of Myc proto-oncogene as a transcriptional hub to regulate the expression of regeneration-associated genes following preconditioning peripheral nerve injury. J Neurosci. 2021 Jan 20;41(3):446-460. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1745-20.2020.


  • Choi DJ, Yang H, Gaire S, Lee KA, An J, Kim BG, Jou I, Park SM, Joe EH. Critical roles of astrocytic-CCL2-dependent monocyte infiltration in a DJ-1 knockout mouse model of delayed brain repair. Glia. 2020 Oct;68(10):2086-2101. doi: 10.1002/glia.23828.

  • Lee JS, Hong JM, Yoon BS, Son KS, Lee KE, Im DS, Park BN, An YS, Hwang DH, Park CB, Kim BG, Joe EH. Expression of Cellular Receptors in the Ischemic Hemisphere of Mice with Increased Glucose Uptake. Exp Neurobiol. 2020 Feb 29;29(1):70-79. doi: 10.5607/en.2020.29.1.70.

  • Cui Y, Jin X, Choi DJ, Choi JY, Kim HS, Hwang DH, Kim BG. Axonal degeneration in an in vitro model of ischemic white matter injury. Neurobiol Dis. 2020 Feb;134:104672. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2019.104672.

  • Shin HY, Kim K, Kwon MJ, Oh YJ, Kim, EH, Kim HS, Hong CP, Lee J, Lee K, Kim BG. Alteration in global DNA methylation status following preconditioning injury influences axon growth competence of the sensory neurons. Exp Neurol. 2020 Apr;326:113177. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2020.113177.

  • Lim H, Lee J, You B, Oh JH, Mok HJ, Kim YS, Yoon BE, Kim BG, Back SK, Park JS, Kim KP, Schnaar RL, Lee SJ. GT1b functions as a novel endogenous agonist of toll-like receptor 2 inducing neuropathic pain.
    EMBO J. 2020 Feb 6:e102214. doi: 10.15252/embj.2019102214.


  • Choi JY, Hong JM, Kim TJ, Kim BG, Huh K. Uric acid is a useful marker to differentiate between responsive and refractory status epilepticus. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 Sep;184:105454. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105454. 


  • Hwang DH, Park HH, Shin HY, Cui Y, Kim BG. Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor Dictates Beneficial Effects of Treadmill Training by Regulating Survival and Migration of Neural Stem Cell Grafts in the Injured Spinal Cord. Exp Neurobiol. 2018 Dec;27(6):489-507. doi: 10.5607/en.2018.27.6.489. 

  • Yun HJ, Kim EH, Kim BG. Neuron-Macrophage Co-cultures to Activate Macrophages Secreting Molecular Factors with Neurite Outgrowth Activity. J Vis Exp. 2018 Mar 30;(133). doi: 10.3791/56920.

  • Choi DJ, Eun JH, Kim BG, Jou I, Park SM, Joe EH. A Parkinson's disease gene, DJ-1, repairs brain injury through Sox9 stabilization and astrogliosis. Glia. 2018 Feb;66(2):445-458. doi: 10.1002/glia.23258. 

  • Yeon Su Choi, Kyoungnam Kim, Kitae Ryu, Hana Cho, Yong-Yeon Cho, Joo Young Lee, Hye Suk Lee, Byung Gon Kim, Soo Chang Song, Han Chang Kang. Dual-functionalized calcium nanocomplexes for transfection of cancerous and stem cells: Low molecular weight polycation-mediated colloidal stability and ATP-mediated endosomal release.  J Ind Eng Chem. 2018 Aug 25; 64: 300-310.doi: 10.1016/j.jiec.2018.03.028


  • Choi JY, Kim BG. Toll-like Receptor 2: A Novel Therapeutic Target for Ischemic White Matter Injury and Oligodendrocyte Death. Exp Neurobiol. 2017 Aug;26(4):186-194. doi: 10.5607/en.2017.26.4.186.

  • Hong LTA, Kim YM, Park HH, Hwang DH, Cui Y, Lee EM, Yahn S, Lee JK, Song SC, Kim BG. An injectable hydrogel enhances tissue repair after spinal cord injury by promoting extracellular matrix remodeling. Nat Commun. 2017 Sep 14;8(1):533. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00583-8. 

  • Choi JY, Cui Y, Chowdhury ST, Kim BG. High-mobility group box-1 as an autocrine trophic factor in white matter stroke. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Jun 20;114(25):E4987-E4995. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1702035114. 


  • Kwon MJ, Yoon HJ, Kim BG. Correction: Regeneration-associated macrophages: a novel approach to boost intrinsic regenerative capacity for axon regeneration. Neural Regen Res. 2016 Nov;11(11):1778. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.194760. 

  • Kwon MJ, Yoon HJ, Kim BG. Regeneration-associated macrophages: a novel approach to boost intrinsic regenerative capacity for axon regeneration. Neural Regen Res. 2016 Sep;11(9):1368-1371. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.191194


  • Hwang DH, Shin HY, Kim BG. Fortuitous benefits of activity-based rehabilitation in stem cell-based therapy for spinal cord repair: enhancing graft survival. Neural Regen Res. 2015 Oct;10(10):1589-90. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.167750.

  • Kwon MJ, Shin HY, Cui Y, Kim H, Thi AH, Choi JY, Kim EY, Hwang DH, Kim BG. CCL2 Mediates Neuron-Macrophage Interactions to Drive Proregenerative Macrophage Activation Following Preconditioning Injury. J Neurosci. 2015 Dec 2;35(48):15934-47. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1924-15.2015. 

  • Choi JY, Cui Y, Kim BG. Interaction between hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion in the development of cognitive dysfunction and white matter pathology in rats. Neuroscience. 2015 Sep 10;303:115-25. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.06.056.


  • Hwang DH, Shin HY, Kwon MJ, Choi JY, Ryu BY, Kim BG. Survival of neural stem cell grafts in the lesioned spinal cord is enhanced by a combination of treadmill locomotor training via insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling. J Neurosci. 2014 Sep 17;34(38):12788-800. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5359-13.2014. 

  • Shin HY, Kim H, Kwon MJ, Hwang DH, Lee K, Kim BG. Molecular and cellular changes in the lumbar spinal cord following thoracic injury: regulation by treadmill locomotor training. PLoS One. 2014 Feb 10;9(2):e88215. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088215. eCollection 2014.

  • Choi JY, Cui Y, Kang YM, Kim JH, Lee SJ, Kim BG. Role of toll-like receptor 2 in ischemic demyelination and oligodendrocyte death. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Jul;35(7):1643-53. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.01.146. 

  • Lim TS, Choi JY, Park SA, Youn YC, Lee HY, Kim BG, Joo IS, Huh K, Moon SY. Evaluation of coexistence of Alzheimer's disease in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus using ELISA analyses for CSF biomarkers. BMC Neurol. 2014 Apr 1;14:66. doi: 10.1186/1471-2377-14-66.


  • Kwon MJ, Kim J, Shin H, Jeong SR, Kang YM, Choi JY, Hwang DH, Kim BG. Contribution of macrophages to enhanced regenerative capacity of dorsal root ganglia sensory neurons by conditioning injury. J Neurosci. 2013 Sep 18;33(38):15095-108. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0278-13.2013.

  • Kim SE, Kim WS, Kim BG, Chung D, Jeong J, Lee JS, Tae WS, Hong SB, Lee HW. Spatiotemporal dynamics and functional correlates of evoked neural oscillations with different spectral powers in human visual cortex. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013 Nov;124(11):2248-56. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2013.04.341.

  • Lee M, Kim SE, Kim WS, Han J, Kim HJ, Kim BS, Kim JY, Hong SB, Kim BG, Lee HW. Cortico-cortical modulation induced by 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the temporal cortex. J Clin Neurol. 2013 Apr;9(2):75-82. doi: 10.3988/jcn.2013.9.2.75.

  • Lee M, Kim SE, Kim WS, Lee J, Yoo HK, Park KD, Choi KG, Jeong SY, Kim BG, Lee HW. Interaction of motor training and intermittent theta burst stimulation in modulating motor cortical plasticity: influence of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e57690. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057690.


  • Kim WS, Lee M, Han JM, Kim SE, Kim HJ, Kim BS, Kim BG, Lee HW. Acute and chronic effects of repeated 1 Hz rTMS on the temporal cortex. Neuroreport. 2012 Jun 20;23(9):540-5. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e328354036f.

  • Shim SO, Cafferty WB, Schmidt EC, Kim BG, Fujisawa H, Strittmatter SM. PlexinA2 limits recovery from corticospinal axotomy by mediating oligodendrocyte-derived Sema6A growth inhibition. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2012 Jun;50(2):193-200. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2012.04.007.

  • Chang IA, Oh MJ, Kim MH, Park SK, Kim BG, Namgung U. Vimentin phosphorylation by Cdc2 in Schwann cell controls axon growth via β1-integrin activation. FASEB J. 2012 Jun;26(6):2401-13. doi: 10.1096/fj.11-199018.

  • Min KJ, Jeong HK, Kim B, Hwang DH, Shin HY, Nguyen AT, Kim JH, Jou I, Kim BG, Joe EH. Spatial and temporal correlation in progressive degeneration of neurons and astrocytes in contusion-induced spinal cord injury. J Neuroinflammation. 2012 May 25;9:100. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-100.

  • Jeong SR, Kwon MJ, Lee HG, Joe EH, Lee JH, Kim SS, Suh-Kim H, Kim BG. Hepatocyte growth factor reduces astrocytic scar formation and promotes axonal growth beyond glial scars after spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2012 Jan;233(1):312-22. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2011.10.021.


  • Hwang DH, Jeong SR, Kim BG. Gene transfer mediated by stem cell grafts to treat CNS injury. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2011 Dec;11(12):1599-610. doi: 10.1517/14712598.2011.631908.

  • Kim HM, Hwang DH, Choi JY, Park CH, Suh-Kim H, Kim SU, Kim BG. Differential and cooperative actions of Olig1 and Olig2 transcription factors on immature proliferating cells after contusive spinal cord injury. Glia. 2011 Jul;59(7):1094-106. doi: 10.1002/glia.21182.

  • Huebner EA, Kim BG, Duffy PJ, Brown RH, Strittmatter SM. A multi-domain fragment of Nogo-A protein is a potent inhibitor of cortical axon regeneration via Nogo receptor 1. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 20;286(20):18026-36. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.208108.

  • Hwang DH, Kim HM, Kang YM, Joo IS, Cho CS, Yoon BW, Kim SU, Kim BG. Combination of multifaceted strategies to maximize the therapeutic benefits of neural stem cell transplantation for spinal cord repair. Cell Transplant. 2011;20(9):1361-79. doi: 10.3727/096368910X557155.


  • Kim HM, Lee HJ, Lee MY, Kim SU, Kim BG. Organotypic spinal cord slice culture to study neural stem/progenitor cell microenvironment in the injured spinal cord. Exp Neurobiol. 2010 Sep;19(2):106-13. doi: 10.5607/en.2010.19.2.106.

  • Kim BG, Kang YM, Phi JH, Kim YH, Hwang DH, Choi JY, Ryu S, Elastal AE, Paek SH, Wang KC, Lee SH, Kim SU, Yoon BW. Implantation of polymer scaffolds seeded with neural stem cells in a canine spinal cord injury model. Cytotherapy. 2010 Oct;12(6):841-5. doi: 10.3109/14653249.2010.501784.

  • Lee SI, Jeong SR, Kang YM, Han DH, Jin BK, Namgung U, Kim BG. Endogenous expression of interleukin-4 regulates macrophage activation and confines cavity formation after traumatic spinal cord injury. J Neurosci Res. 2010 Aug 15;88(11):2409-19. doi: 10.1002/jnr.22411.

  • Kang YM, Hwang DH, Kim BG, Go DH, Park KD. Thermosensitive polymer-based hydrogel mixed with the anti-inflammatory agent minocycline induces axonal regeneration in hemisected spinal cord. Macromolecular research. 2010 April; 18(4):399-403. doi: 10.1007/s13233-010-0412-5.


  • Oh MJ, Seo TB, Kwon KB, Yoon SJ, Elzi DJ, Kim BG, Namgung U. Axonal outgrowth and Erk1/2 activation by training after spinal cord injury in rats. J Neurotrauma. 2009 Nov;26(11):2071-82. doi: 10.1089/neu.2008.0800.

  • Lee SI, Kim BG, Hwang DH, Kim HM, Kim SU. Overexpression of Bcl-XL in human neural stem cells promotes graft survival and functional recovery following transplantation in spinal cord injury. J Neurosci Res. 2009 Nov 1;87(14):3186-97. doi: 10.1002/jnr.22149.

  • Hwang DH, Lee HJ, Park IH, Seok JI, Kim BG, Joo IS, Kim SU. Intrathecal transplantation of human neural stem cells overexpressing VEGF provide behavioral improvement, disease onset delay and survival extension in transgenic ALS mice. Gene Ther. 2009 Oct;16(10):1234-44. doi: 10.1038/gt.2009.80.

  • Hwang DH, Kim BG, Kim EJ, Lee SI, Joo IS, Suh-Kim H, Sohn S, Kim SU. Transplantation of human neural stem cells transduced with Olig2 transcription factor improves locomotor recovery and enhances myelination in the white matter of rat spinal cord following contusive injury. BMC Neurosci. 2009 Sep 22;10:117. doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-10-117. 

  • Kim HM, Hwang DH, Lee JE, Kim SU, Kim BG. Ex vivo VEGF delivery by neural stem cells enhances proliferation of glial progenitors, angiogenesis, and tissue sparing after spinal cord injury. PLoS One. 2009;4(3):e4987. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004987.


  • Kim BG, Dai HN, McAtee M, Bregman BS. Modulation of dendritic spine remodeling in the motor cortex following spinal cord injury: effects of environmental enrichment and combinatorial treatment with transplants and neurotrophin-3. J Comp Neurol. 2008 May 20;508(3):473-86. doi: 10.1002/cne.21686.


  • Kim BG, Hwang DH, Lee SI, Kim EJ, Kim SU. Stem cell-based cell therapy for spinal cord injury. Cell Transplant. 2007;16(4):355-64. doi: 10.3727/000000007783464885

  • Kim BG, Dai HN, McAtee M, Vicini S, Bregman BS. Labeling of dendritic spines with the carbocyanine dye DiI for confocal microscopic imaging in lightly fixed cortical slices. J Neurosci Methods. 2007 May 15;162(1-2):237-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2007.01.016

  • Iarikov DE, Kim BG, Dai HN, McAtee M, Kuhn PL, Bregman BS. Delayed transplantation with exogenous neurotrophin administration enhances plasticity of corticofugal projections after spinal cord injury. J Neurotrauma. 2007 Apr;24(4):690-702. doi: 10.1089/neu.2006.0172. 


  • Kim BG, Dai HN, Lynskey JV, McAtee M, Bregman BS. Degradation of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans potentiates transplant-mediated axonal remodeling and functional recovery after spinal cord injury in adult rats. J Comp Neurol. 2006 Jul 10;497(2):182-98. doi: 10.1002/cne.20980.

  • Kim BG, Dai HN, McAtee M, Vicini S, Bregman BS. Remodeling of synaptic structures in the motor cortex following spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2006 Apr;198(2):401-15. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2005.12.010. 

  • Pasterkamp RJ, Dai HN, Terman JR, Wahlin KJ, Kim BG, Bregman BS, Popovich PG, Kolodkin AL. MICAL flavoprotein monooxygenases: expression during neural development and following spinal cord injuries in the rat. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2006 Jan;31(1):52-69. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2005.09.001.

Prior to 2006

  • Luo JH, Fu ZY, Losi G, Kim BG, Prybylowski K, Vissel B, Vicini S. Functional expression of distinct NMDA channel subunits tagged with green fluorescent protein in hippocampal neurons in culture. Neuropharmacology. 2002 Mar;42(3):306-18. doi: 10.1016/s0028-3908(01)00188-5.

  • Roh JK, Kim BG, Kim DE, Ahn TB. Apraxia of lid opening associated with hydrocephalus. Eur Neurol. 2001;45(1):53-4. doi: 10.1159/000052091.

  • Kim BG, Shin DH, Jeon GS, Seo JH, Kim YW, Jeon BS, Cho SS. Relative sparing of calretinin containing neurons in the substantia nigra of 6-OHDA treated rat parkinsonian model. Brain Res. 2000 Feb 7;855(1):162-5. doi: 10.1016/s0006-8993(99)02374-4.

  • Kim BG, Lee SK, Kim JY, Kang DW, Lee W, Song H, Lee DS. Interpretation of Wada memory test for lateralization of seizure focus by use of (99m)technetium-HMPAO SPECT. Epilepsia. 2000 Jan;41(1):65-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1157.2000.tb01507.x. 

  • Kim BG, Lee SK, Nam HW, Song HC, Lee DS. Evaluation of functional changes in the medial temporal region during intracarotid amobarbital procedure by use of SPECT. Epilepsia. 1999 Apr;40(4):424-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1157.1999.tb00736.x.

bottom of page